Medieval Weapons Prices and Rules

Armour | Melee Weapons | Missile Weapons | Food & Lodging | Transport | Misc Stuff

Below is a list of hand to hand weapons. If you want missile weapons, go here. In most cases, the cost and weight is necessarily approximate (though prices are based in some cases, on 16th century Italian records from those ever helpful Sforzas) and both include the necessary carrying gear, such as scabbards. As for the other equipment lists, all costs are given in "generic" silver pieces and will be modified in different areas, by the actual currency in use. You should see the currency pages of the different kingdoms to calculate actual prices in those areas. The unnecesary profusion of polearms was driven by the requests of players who have been irrevocably corrupted by exposure to a Certain Roleplaying System (TM). Given that countless experts have wasted reams of ink over the topic, if you disagree with my interpretation of the weapons as listed (for example — was a morningstar really a spiked ball and chain arrangement, or a heavy spiked club like a Godentag) — my answer is: probably both. Go away. That said, here's the list.

ItemCostOCV ModDamageSTUN xSTR MinWeight (Kg)Notes
Axe: Battle60 sp1½d6K AP15/124.01½H
Axe: Battle50 sp1+1d6K AP123.5
Axe: Hand35 sp-2 Rng1d6 AP103.0can throw
Axe: Throwing40 sp-1 Rng½d6K AP72.0can throw
Axe: Two handed100 sp2d6K AP125.02H
Bardiche79 sp2d6K104.02H
Bec de corbin55 sp1½d6K AP105.02H
Billguisarme75 sp2d6K124.02H, +1"range
Club: great15 sp6d6N105.02H
Club: small3 sp4d6N103.0
Club: war8 sp5d6N12/74.01½H
Dagger: fighting25 sp1d6K70.4
Dagger: misericorde50 sp½d6K AP70.3
Dagger: throwing30 sp+1½d6K50.3
Flail125 sp+11½d6K+118/123.01½H, Dangerous

Flail: 2handed

150 sp






2H, Dangerous, +1"range

Glaive88 sp2d6K124.02H, +1"range
Halberd110 sp2d6K AP125.02H, +1" range
Hammer: battle80 sp1d6+1K+1153.0
Hammer: lucerne90 sp-11½d6K+1135.02H, +1" range
Hammer: throwing90 sp1d6K+1112.0
Lance50 sp1½d6K135.0+1"range
Mace: Great90 sp2d6K105.02H
Mace: Footman's60 sp1d6+1K103.0
Mace: Horseman's45 sp1d672.0
Mancatcher110 sp-11pt HKA74.0+1"range, +2 to grab, disarm etc.
Morningstar60 sp+11½d6K123.0Dangerous
Pick65 sp1d6K AP114.0
Pike50 sp-11½d6K125.02H, +2" range
Spear30 sp1½d6K11/73.01½H, can be thrown
Spetum45 sp-11½d6104.02H, +1" range, +2 OCV to block
Staff2 sp+14d6N52.02H, +1" range
Sword: bastard250 sp1½d6K12/73.01½H
Sword: broad150 sp1+1d6K112.5
Sword: long200 sp1+1d6K112.0
Sword: scimitar175 sp+11d6K7
Sword: short85 sp1d6K71.0
Sword: two handed250 sp2d6K123.52H, +1" range
Trident65 sp1+1d6K13/83.01½H, +1"range
Voulge45 sp-12d6K154.02H, +1" range

Note that all polearms (including the spear) can be used to deliver a blow with the butt for 4d6 normal damage. However they do so at -1 OCV, since they are not balanced primarily for this use.

Description of weapons

Axe: Battle
Heavy axes such as those favoured by knights from the 11th to 13th century or the weapons wielded by Dwarves in legends. Need not have a long haft.
Axe: hand
Heavy one handed axes, such as the later era knightly axe, or the Francisca favoured by the Frankish invaders of the Roman empire
Axe: throwing
A lighter axe, similar to a hatchet, usable as a light one handed weapon, but primarily for throwing.
Axe: two handed
Large, long handled axe such as the Danish axe.
Large 2-handed axe with a very broad blade
Bec de corbin
A polearm with a heavy, spiked or sometimes pick-like head
A polearm with a long blade backed by a spike or hook. Similar to a Billhook
Club: great
Covers all heavy two-handed club often bound in metal, sometimes with a heavy head, like a maul.
Club: small
Light wooden clubs about the size of a baseball bat
Club: war
Larger clubs, or those with heavy heads or metal reinforcing
Dagger: fighting
Heavy daggers such as the Bowie knife, or the broad-bladed Cinquada
Dagger: misericorde
Narrow bladed weapons such as the English Ballock Dagger, designed to slip through gaps in armour or between ribs.
Dagger: throwing
Lighter daggers balanced for throwing.
Flail: 1-handed
This covers an assortment of weapons with a weighted arm attacked to a handle by a short chain or leather strip.
Flail: 2-handed
Heavy head attached to a long handle by a chain or leather strip. Derived from the peasant tool, but military versions often substituted a wickedly spiked head.
Polearm with a long heavy blade coming to a point on top, backed by a spike. There are a hundred different variants of this weapon.
Polearm with a heavy axe-like blade normally backed by a hammer head or smaller blade, and often incorporating a larger thrusting spike on top.
Hammer: battle
Basically a light sledgehammer, sometimes backed by a small spike.
Hammer: lucerne
A polearm with a heavy head — normally decorated by small spikes, and sometimes also incorporating a larger thrusting spike on top.
Hammer: throwing
A smaller version of the sledge hammer.
The horseman's spear.
Mace: Great
Any of the many weapons with a longish handle and a heavy (normally spiked) head.
Mace: Footman's
A medium weight mace — normally a bit unwieldy in one hand
Mace: Horseman's
All the lighter one-handed maces — not just those actually used by horsemen.
A variety of polearm with barbed hooks or double fish-hook-like arms which spring open and thereafter tightly hold a limb. Designed for catching troublesome warriors.
Either a spiked metal ball (or balls) on chains, or a heavy club decorated with nasty spikes.
A short handled weapon with a sharp beaklike head — sort of like a pointed hammer. Designed to punch holes in armour. Often backed with a hammer head.
A very long spear — a bit unwieldy for normal combat but designed to be used en masse to present a wall of points
The typical footman's spear — anywhere from 2 to 3 metres long.
A spear in which the main blade is supplemented by two smaller ones jutting out at about 60 degrees from the main one.
A simple wooden staff — from 1½ to 2.5 metres long — often given metal caps at either end.
Sword: bastard
Swords with a longer blade and a handle big enough for one or two hands. Examples are the Japanese katana or the knightly swords popular in central europe after about 1400.
Sword: broad
All the many heavy swords designed primarily for slashing (the Scottish claymore, the Indian tulwar, cutlasses etc)
Sword: long
Swords designed for both slashing and thrusting — the traditional knight's blade.
Sword: scimitar
Light slashing swords such as the scimitar or saber. Favoured weapons of horsemen
Sword: short
Short stabbing swords. The Roman gladius or Spanish Spatha, for example
Sword: two handed
Really big swords such as the flamberge.
A three pronged spear, basically. The traditional weapon of Poseidon or the retarius in Roman gladiatorial combat.
A polearm with a heavy slashing blade.

This stuff was heavily influenced by the work of David Kuijt who did a lot of work on oriental weapons for my Sengoku game.


The changes to the weapons list involve primarily three things — damage, OCV bonuses and STR mins. The first has only been changed where weapons have damage which is clearly out of line. OCV mod.s have been altered to reflect the fact that some weapons have significantly different handling characteristics than others. As it stood so many weapons had the +1 OCV bonus that there was little to differentiate them. Finally STR mins were changed for a number of reasons. First, STR mins were too high for many weapons, requiring people of ordinary strength to take penalties for using many common weapons. Secondly, factors other than damage were taken into account when figuring STR min under the old list. This meant that a finely balanced knife which could be thrown, required more STR to use than a similar knife that was not. Finally, the costs (and therefore STR mins) of some weapons have changed somewhat due to the altered cost of HA, as noted in the house rules section. The mechanisms for these changes are detailed below.


1) ALL the OCV mods have been re-examined. In the finished list below, the only weapons that are given a +1 OCV are those that are abnormally fast (much faster than other weapons, usually doing correspondingly LESS damage) or abnormally hard to block and dodge (like the flail or morningstar). Note that this OCV bonus REPLACES the "ignores shield DCV" advantage in the HSR. A chain weapon might be harder to block — but a kite shield still gives you better protection than nothing. The only weapons that are given a -1 OCV are ones that are unusually unwieldy (Pike, for example).

2) Every weapon with a +1 Stun Mod has been re-examined. In some cases they may be unchanged; in some they may be 0 Stun Mod, and in others they may be still +1 Stun Mod but -1 DC


1) Some few weapons are listed as "Dangerous to the user" (mostly chain weapons). Anyone fighting with such a weapon who rolls a natural 3 in combat will hit themselves, doing normal damage. Anyone without a WF in this weapon who fights with it will hit themselves as above on a 3, 4, 5, or 6.

2) In situations where a fighter has time to prepare himself (such as setting a (long) spear against a charge, entering a one-on-one duel, defending a portal and so on, they can act out of DEX order and go before an opponent with a shorter weapon.

Note that this also applies to readied missile weapons — you can't "run down" that crossbowman menacing you if he knows what you are up to and has an action ready.

Once melee is joined, weapon length is less important and is ignored — unless combat become *really* close (the opponents clinch, fight under a table, etc) in which case the user of the shorter weapon gets to act out of DEX order and act first.

This rule is intended to give a "real" feel without too much fuss, and should be applied to relatively simple duels and small engagements (2 vs 1, 1 vs 1). A weapon user may attempt to alter his strike priority by changing weapons or using an unarmed strike or throw.

3) The way STR Min works is changed: the STR Min listed is the STR Min at which you do FULL DAMAGE. For every full 5 pts STR over the STR Min, the character gets +1 DC. For every 5 pts of STR (or part thereof) _under_ the STR Min, the character loses 1 DC (-1 DC). And it is not possible to use a weapon at all if your STR is more than 10 pts under the listed STR Min. Use of weapons that require greater than the characters STR is very tiring: the character must pay 2 END per point of STR lacking.

STR MINS: STR Min is calculated using Active Pts/2. OCV Mods, whether positive or negative, do NOT figure in. Stretching DOES figure in. HAs are calculated at 5 pts active each, not 3, to make calculation standard at 5 pts per Damage Class. Finally, Two-handed melee weapons get an automatic -5 STR Min; 1½H weapons have two STR Mins listed (one for one-handed fighting, the other for two-handed). The STR Min for a normal weapon used two-handed is -3 STR Min. Weapons that are +1 Stun or AP use their active points for calculating STR Min; ones that are -1 Stun have their STR Min calculated as if they were -1 DC from their listed damage.